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Sample Questions from the Licensed Battlefield Guide Written Exam

PART A

1. General John Buford's Cavalry Division consisted of two brigades commanded by _________________ and _________________.

2. Rodes' Division was confronted on Oak Ridge by __________ Division.

3. On July 2, the left of Ward's Brigade, Birney's Division, __________ Corps, rested on Devil's Den.

4. The insignia of the 3rd Division of each union corps was ____________ in color.

5. The Battle of Stones River was also known as the Battle of __________________.

6. A red circle was used as the insignia of the 1st Division, 1st Corps, C.S.A.  True ___ False ___

7. Name one of the monuments sculpted by Henry Kirke Bush-Brown. ________________.

8. The 10 pounder __________ was a cast iron gun with a wrought iron jacket around the breech.

9. McLaws' Division attacked about an hour after Hood's advance. True ___ False ___

10. Name the four brigade commanders in Lafayette McLaw's Division: _________________________.

11. Most southern white families owned slaves. True ___ False ___

12. Sherfy's Peach Orchard, at the intersection of the Taneytown and Millerstown roads formed the blunt point of Sickles' salient.   True____  False ____

13.  Even though the gun carriages on the battlefield are reproductions all of the artillery tubes are original to the battle.                 True___ False ___

14. How many army corps made up the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg?________.

15. How many of the Union soldiers reburied in the Soldiers National Cemetery are unknown?

(a) 675
(b) 878
(c) 979
(d) 1065
(e) 1664

16. The effective range of a smooth bore 12 pounder was about

(a) 1/2 mile. (b) 2/3 mile, (c) 1 mile, (d) 1 1/2 mile.

17. The park was administered between 1864 and 1865 by

(a) a commission,
(b) the War Department,
(c) Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association,
(d) the Battlefield guide Association.

PART B: MATCHING
a. architect..............................................1. union battery
b. six cannon ........................................2. parrot cannon
c. breech-loading cannon ..................3. Gettysburg National Military Park
d. General Newton .............................. 4. Cyclorama
e. High Water Mark .............................. 5. Whitworth rifle
f. General Barlow ..................................6. General Gordon
g. Philippoteaux ....................................7. First Corps
h. jacketed breech
i. 400 yards
j. spent ball

Match the name in the left column with the regimental monument in the right column:

a. Sgt. William Lilly                                                       1. 13th VT
b. Pvt. George Warner                                                 2. 20th CT
c. Lt. Stephen Brown                                                   3. 21st PA Cavalry
d. Pvt. George Sandoe                                                4. 5th NH
e. Color Sgt Ben Crippen                                           5. 149th NY
                                                                                         6. 143rd PA

PART C: MONUMENT IDENTIFICATION

The past several exams contained sections of monument photographs where identifying inscriptions are removed and the test taker is asked to identify the unit from a list of possible unit identifications.

PART D: PHOTOGRAPH IDENTIFICATION

Again, the past several exams included photographs of up to a dozen Civil War personalities which the candidate is asked to identify.

PART F: MAP IDENTIFICATIONS

Given a map of the battlefield area the candidate is asked to identify points marked by numbers on the map.  These numbers refer to key road names, the names of geographic features - streams, hills, etc, and key farm owners name.

PART F: ESSAYS  (USUALLY GIVE A CHOICE OF FOUR - YOU WRITE ON THREE)

1. Detail the reasons why General Robert E. Lee chose to move the Army of Northern Virginia across the Potomac River in the summer of 1863.

2. Discuss the reasons why you feel General Richard Ewell COULD or COULD NOT have taken Cemetery Hill the evening of July 1, 1863.

3. Could Lee's grand assault on the center of the Cemetery Ridge position on the afternoon of July 3rd have worked?  Why or why not.

4. Describe the basic types of artillery found on the Gettysburg battlefield and the types of ammunition they fired.

5. Discuss the development of battlefield into the Gettysburg National Military Park the first 75 years.

6. How did President Abraham Lincoln come to be present at Gettysburg for the cemetery dedication in the fall of 1863.

7. Describe the basic phases of Reconstruction and the impact each had on the south.


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